1The salary and other benefits of the magistrate cannot be reduced, except the cases of:
amajor financial difficulties or other national emergencies, by taking into account the following factors: a clear discrepancy between the development of salaries of magistrates and the developments of standard salaries in public service, the payments index as well as the consumer price index. These factors need to be evaluated in order to strike a balance between the inviolability of the salary and the need to avoid taking on new debts;
bthe magistrate assumes his right to go back from a previous position, being more senior and more specialised, or with a limited mandate and higher pay,
cthe magistrate having a disciplinary measure,
ça low ethical and professional performance evaluation, as set out in this law.
2The magistrate has to repay the amounts received as salary or financial benefit if he/she benefitted more than entitled under the law.